What is plant nutrition and Scientific Names of Organisms?

In this post, I am going to tell you a brief explanation about plant nutrition and the scientific names of organisms.

What is Plant Nutrition?

Plant nutrition is the study of the growth, development, structure, physiology and reproduction sources, absorption methods, and metabolism of various inorganic substances (minerals) in plants. Plant nutrition is the study of elements and compounds which are important for its growth.

Types of plant nutrition

There are several types of plant nutrition:

Autotrophic nutrition

  1. Autotrophic organisms are organisms that can synthesize (internally manufacture) food. Examples of autotrophs are most plants and unicellular organisms.
  2. Autotrophic plants make food through a process called photosynthesis.
  3. In photosynthesis, plants with chlorophyll (cells that give leaves green) synthesize monosaccharides (glucose). They use water and carbon dioxide and do it in the sun.
  4. Some autotrophic plants use chlorophyll for photosynthesis, although they are not green.

Heterotrophic nutrition

  1. Heterotrophic organisms are organisms that depend on others for food. Some examples of heterotrophs are bacteria, fungi, etc.
  2. Some plants are also heterotrophic. They survive by eating the nutrients from other plants, eating dead things and animals.
  3. Examples: Venus flytrap, Nepenthes, Rafflesia, and other parasitic plants

Parasite nutrition

  1. In this type of nutrition, a plant feeds on ready-made food produced by another plant.
  2. The organisms that get food are called parasites.
  3. The organism that makes or gives food is called the host.
  4. Example: The plant of Cuscuta, which grows itself around the trees and feeds on them.
  5. Saprophytic nutrition
  6. These plants have no chlorophyll. Therefore, they feed on dead matter.
  7. Examples: Corallorhiza orchids, Indian tobacco pipes, mushrooms, molds, and mycorrhizal fungi.

Symbiotic nutrition

  1. In symbiotic nutrition, there are interrelationships between plants, and they share nutrition and shelter.
  2. These plants are mutually beneficial and do not harm each other.
  3. Example: Coral reefs are the result of symbiotic nutrition among coral organisms.

Insectivorous nutrition

Nepenthes Although the carnivorous desire of most carnivorous plants is limited to small insects, Nepenthes is a well-known exception.
These plants can eat anything that can be put in their mouth, including mice.
The mechanism of pre-trapping is in which the deep cavity is filled with digestive juice.
The traps considered to be “real” Nepenthes are made of special leaves.
They use nectar to attract and drown their prey. -Examples of pitcher plants are: – Sarracenia oreophila, Nepenthes alata

Scientific Names of Organisms

The scientific names of any plants, animals, and organisms are given according to nomenclature. For animals and plants, the nomenclature we use is binomial nomenclature.
Binomial nomenclature is a two-word naming system that uses two words to name plants, animals, and organisms. Carolus Linneaus gave or discovered the binomial nomenclature.
The two terms that have a generic epithet are:
  1. The genus (genus) of the species,
  2. A specific epithet is a species.
The system can also use other different languages to create such scientific names. These scientific names are unique and help to identify creatures with the same name all over the world.

Importance of Scientific Name

There are many reasons for using this naming system. they are:
  1. Unique name: The name assigned to any organism is unique, and other organisms cannot share the same name.
  2. Internationally recognized: All the organisms are named as per the regulations and rules stipulated in the International Plant Nomenclature Code. This ensures that everyone maintains a common standard
  3. Efficient and accurate classification: Scientists can easily add organisms to specific categories, making it easier to define characteristics and maintain records.
  4. Stability: In many cases, with the advancement of scientific methods, the types of organisms will change. Therefore, even if the genus of the organism changes, it will not disturb the existing category or classification of organisms.
  5. Improve research: When you classify each creature, it becomes easier to identify the similarities and differences between certain species. These categories help identify new species and fill in the gaps.

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